cúl

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See also: cul, cùl, cûl, and cúl-

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cúl, cognate with Latin cūlus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cúl m (genitive singular cúil, nominative plural cúil)

  1. behind
  2. back
  3. (sports) goal
    Synonym: báire
    1. (score gained)
    2. (target area)
      Synonym: góraí
  4. tail

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative plural: cúla (used in certain phrases)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cúl chúl gcúl
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kūlos, from Proto-Indo-European *kuH-l-, from *(s)kewH- (to cover). Cognate with Welsh cil and Latin cūlus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cúl m (genitive cúil, nominative plural cúil)

  1. back
  2. rear

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cúl cúlL cúilL
Vocative cúil cúlL cúluH
Accusative cúlN cúlL cúluH
Genitive cúilL cúl cúlN
Dative cúlL cúlaib cúlaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: cúl
  • Manx: cooyl
  • Scottish Gaelic: cùl

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cúl chúl cúl
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]