cabanga

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-cabanga?

  1. (intransitive) to think
  2. (transitive) to consider, to think about
  3. (intransitive) to suppose, to believe
  4. (transitive and intransitive) to imagine

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukucabanga
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukucabanga ukungacabangi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular cabanga cabange
Plural cabangani cabangeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyacabanga, ngicabanga engicabangayo, engicabanga ngicabanga angicabangi engingacabangi ngingacabangi
2nd singular uyacabanga, ucabanga ocabangayo, ocabanga ucabanga awucabangi ongacabangi ungacabangi
1st plural siyacabanga, sicabanga esicabangayo, esicabanga sicabanga asicabangi esingacabangi singacabangi
2nd plural niyacabanga, nicabanga enicabangayo, enicabanga nicabanga anicabangi eningacabangi ningacabangi
Class 1 uyacabanga, ucabanga ocabangayo, ocabanga ecabanga akacabangi ongacabangi engacabangi
Class 2 bayacabanga, bacabanga abacabangayo, abacabanga becabanga abacabangi abangacabangi bengacabangi
Class 3 uyacabanga, ucabanga ocabangayo, ocabanga ucabanga awucabangi ongacabangi ungacabangi
Class 4 iyacabanga, icabanga ecabangayo, ecabanga icabanga ayicabangi engacabangi ingacabangi
Class 5 liyacabanga, licabanga elicabangayo, elicabanga licabanga alicabangi elingacabangi lingacabangi
Class 6 ayacabanga, acabanga acabangayo, acabanga ecabanga awacabangi angacabangi engacabangi
Class 7 siyacabanga, sicabanga esicabangayo, esicabanga sicabanga asicabangi esingacabangi singacabangi
Class 8 ziyacabanga, zicabanga ezicabangayo, ezicabanga zicabanga azicabangi ezingacabangi zingacabangi
Class 9 iyacabanga, icabanga ecabangayo, ecabanga icabanga ayicabangi engacabangi ingacabangi
Class 10 ziyacabanga, zicabanga ezicabangayo, ezicabanga zicabanga azicabangi ezingacabangi zingacabangi
Class 11 luyacabanga, lucabanga olucabangayo, olucabanga lucabanga alucabangi olungacabangi lungacabangi
Class 14 buyacabanga, bucabanga obucabangayo, obucabanga bucabanga abucabangi obungacabangi bungacabangi
Class 15 kuyacabanga, kucabanga okucabangayo, okucabanga kucabanga akucabangi okungacabangi kungacabangi
Class 17 kuyacabanga, kucabanga okucabangayo, okucabanga kucabanga akucabangi okungacabangi kungacabangi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngicabangile, ngicabangē engicabangile, engicabangē ngicabangile, ngicabangē angicabanganga engingacabanganga ngingacabanganga
2nd singular ucabangile, ucabangē ocabangile, ocabangē ucabangile, ucabangē awucabanganga ongacabanganga ungacabanganga
1st plural sicabangile, sicabangē esicabangile, esicabangē sicabangile, sicabangē asicabanganga esingacabanganga singacabanganga
2nd plural nicabangile, nicabangē enicabangile, enicabangē nicabangile, nicabangē anicabanganga eningacabanganga ningacabanganga
Class 1 ucabangile, ucabangē ocabangile, ocabangē ecabangile, ecabangē akacabanganga ongacabanganga engacabanganga
Class 2 bacabangile, bacabangē abacabangile, abacabangē becabangile, becabangē abacabanganga abangacabanganga bengacabanganga
Class 3 ucabangile, ucabangē ocabangile, ocabangē ucabangile, ucabangē awucabanganga ongacabanganga ungacabanganga
Class 4 icabangile, icabangē ecabangile, ecabangē icabangile, icabangē ayicabanganga engacabanganga ingacabanganga
Class 5 licabangile, licabangē elicabangile, elicabangē licabangile, licabangē alicabanganga elingacabanganga lingacabanganga
Class 6 acabangile, acabangē acabangile, acabangē ecabangile, ecabangē awacabanganga angacabanganga engacabanganga
Class 7 sicabangile, sicabangē esicabangile, esicabangē sicabangile, sicabangē asicabanganga esingacabanganga singacabanganga
Class 8 zicabangile, zicabangē ezicabangile, ezicabangē zicabangile, zicabangē azicabanganga ezingacabanganga zingacabanganga
Class 9 icabangile, icabangē ecabangile, ecabangē icabangile, icabangē ayicabanganga engacabanganga ingacabanganga
Class 10 zicabangile, zicabangē ezicabangile, ezicabangē zicabangile, zicabangē azicabanganga ezingacabanganga zingacabanganga
Class 11 lucabangile, lucabangē olucabangile, olucabangē lucabangile, lucabangē alucabanganga olungacabanganga lungacabanganga
Class 14 bucabangile, bucabangē obucabangile, obucabangē bucabangile, bucabangē abucabanganga obungacabanganga bungacabanganga
Class 15 kucabangile, kucabangē okucabangile, okucabangē kucabangile, kucabangē akucabanganga okungacabanganga kungacabanganga
Class 17 kucabangile, kucabangē okucabangile, okucabangē kucabangile, kucabangē akucabanganga okungacabanganga kungacabanganga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngācabanga engācabanga ngācabanga angicabanganga engingacabanganga ngingacabanganga
2nd singular wācabanga owācabanga wācabanga awucabanganga ongacabanganga ungacabanganga
1st plural sācabanga esācabanga sācabanga asicabanganga esingacabanganga singacabanganga
2nd plural nācabanga enācabanga nācabanga anicabanganga eningacabanganga ningacabanganga
Class 1 wācabanga owācabanga ācabanga akacabanganga ongacabanganga engacabanganga
Class 2 bācabanga abācabanga bācabanga abacabanganga abangacabanganga bengacabanganga
Class 3 wācabanga owācabanga wācabanga awucabanganga ongacabanganga ungacabanganga
Class 4 yācabanga eyācabanga yācabanga ayicabanganga engacabanganga ingacabanganga
Class 5 lācabanga elācabanga lācabanga alicabanganga elingacabanganga lingacabanganga
Class 6 ācabanga ācabanga ācabanga awacabanganga angacabanganga engacabanganga
Class 7 sācabanga esācabanga sācabanga asicabanganga esingacabanganga singacabanganga
Class 8 zācabanga ezācabanga zācabanga azicabanganga ezingacabanganga zingacabanganga
Class 9 yācabanga eyācabanga yācabanga ayicabanganga engacabanganga ingacabanganga
Class 10 zācabanga ezācabanga zācabanga azicabanganga ezingacabanganga zingacabanganga
Class 11 lwācabanga olwācabanga lwācabanga alucabanganga olungacabanganga lungacabanganga
Class 14 bācabanga obācabanga bācabanga abucabanganga obungacabanganga bungacabanganga
Class 15 kwācabanga okwācabanga kwācabanga akucabanganga okungacabanganga kungacabanganga
Class 17 kwācabanga okwācabanga kwācabanga akucabanganga okungacabanganga kungacabanganga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingacabanga ngingacabanga ngingecabange ngingecabange
2nd singular ungacabanga ungacabanga ungecabange ungecabange
1st plural singacabanga singacabanga singecabange singecabange
2nd plural ningacabanga ningacabanga ningecabange ningecabange
Class 1 angacabanga engacabanga angecabange engecabange
Class 2 bangacabanga bengacabanga bangecabange bengecabange
Class 3 ungacabanga ungacabanga ungecabange ungecabange
Class 4 ingacabanga ingacabanga ingecabange ingecabange
Class 5 lingacabanga lingacabanga lingecabange lingecabange
Class 6 angacabanga engacabanga angecabange engecabange
Class 7 singacabanga singacabanga singecabange singecabange
Class 8 zingacabanga zingacabanga zingecabange zingecabange
Class 9 ingacabanga ingacabanga ingecabange ingecabange
Class 10 zingacabanga zingacabanga zingecabange zingecabange
Class 11 lungacabanga lungacabanga lungecabange lungecabange
Class 14 bungacabanga bungacabanga bungecabange bungecabange
Class 15 kungacabanga kungacabanga kungecabange kungecabange
Class 17 kungacabanga kungacabanga kungecabange kungecabange
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizocabanga engizocabanga ngizocabanga angizucabanga ngingezucabanga
2nd singular uzocabanga ozocabanga uzocabanga awuzucabanga ungezucabanga
1st plural sizocabanga esizocabanga sizocabanga asizucabanga singezucabanga
2nd plural nizocabanga enizocabanga nizocabanga anizucabanga ningezucabanga
Class 1 uzocabanga ozocabanga ezocabanga akazucabanga engezucabanga
Class 2 bazocabanga abazocabanga bezocabanga abazucabanga bengezucabanga
Class 3 uzocabanga ozocabanga uzocabanga awuzucabanga ungezucabanga
Class 4 izocabanga ezocabanga izocabanga ayizucabanga ingezucabanga
Class 5 lizocabanga elizocabanga lizocabanga alizucabanga lingezucabanga
Class 6 azocabanga azocabanga ezocabanga awazucabanga engezucabanga
Class 7 sizocabanga esizocabanga sizocabanga asizucabanga singezucabanga
Class 8 zizocabanga ezizocabanga zizocabanga azizucabanga zingezucabanga
Class 9 izocabanga ezocabanga izocabanga ayizucabanga ingezucabanga
Class 10 zizocabanga ezizocabanga zizocabanga azizucabanga zingezucabanga
Class 11 luzocabanga oluzocabanga luzocabanga aluzucabanga lungezucabanga
Class 14 buzocabanga obuzocabanga buzocabanga abuzucabanga bungezucabanga
Class 15 kuzocabanga okuzocabanga kuzocabanga akuzucabanga kungezucabanga
Class 17 kuzocabanga okuzocabanga kuzocabanga akuzucabanga kungezucabanga
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyocabanga engiyocabanga ngiyocabanga angiyucabanga ngingeyucabanga
2nd singular uyocabanga oyocabanga uyocabanga awuyucabanga ungeyucabanga
1st plural siyocabanga esiyocabanga siyocabanga asiyucabanga singeyucabanga
2nd plural niyocabanga eniyocabanga niyocabanga aniyucabanga ningeyucabanga
Class 1 uyocabanga oyocabanga eyocabanga akayucabanga engeyucabanga
Class 2 bayocabanga abayocabanga beyocabanga abayucabanga bengeyucabanga
Class 3 uyocabanga oyocabanga uyocabanga awuyucabanga ungeyucabanga
Class 4 iyocabanga eyocabanga iyocabanga ayiyucabanga ingeyucabanga
Class 5 liyocabanga eliyocabanga liyocabanga aliyucabanga lingeyucabanga
Class 6 ayocabanga ayocabanga eyocabanga awayucabanga engeyucabanga
Class 7 siyocabanga esiyocabanga siyocabanga asiyucabanga singeyucabanga
Class 8 ziyocabanga eziyocabanga ziyocabanga aziyucabanga zingeyucabanga
Class 9 iyocabanga eyocabanga iyocabanga ayiyucabanga ingeyucabanga
Class 10 ziyocabanga eziyocabanga ziyocabanga aziyucabanga zingeyucabanga
Class 11 luyocabanga oluyocabanga luyocabanga aluyucabanga lungeyucabanga
Class 14 buyocabanga obuyocabanga buyocabanga abuyucabanga bungeyucabanga
Class 15 kuyocabanga okuyocabanga kuyocabanga akuyucabanga kungeyucabanga
Class 17 kuyocabanga okuyocabanga kuyocabanga akuyucabanga kungeyucabanga
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngicabange ngingacabangi
2nd singular ucabange ungacabangi
1st plural sicabange singacabangi
2nd plural nicabange ningacabangi
Class 1 acabange angacabangi
Class 2 bacabange bangacabangi
Class 3 ucabange ungacabangi
Class 4 icabange ingacabangi
Class 5 licabange lingacabangi
Class 6 acabange angacabangi
Class 7 sicabange singacabangi
Class 8 zicabange zingacabangi
Class 9 icabange ingacabangi
Class 10 zicabange zingacabangi
Class 11 lucabange lungacabangi
Class 14 bucabange bungacabangi
Class 15 kucabange kungacabangi
Class 17 kucabange kungacabangi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngacabanga angicabanga
2nd singular wacabanga awucabanga
1st plural sacabanga asicabanga
2nd plural nacabanga anicabanga
Class 1 wacabanga akacabanga
Class 2 bacabanga abacabanga
Class 3 wacabanga awucabanga
Class 4 yacabanga ayicabanga
Class 5 lacabanga alicabanga
Class 6 acabanga awacabanga
Class 7 sacabanga asicabanga
Class 8 zacabanga azicabanga
Class 9 yacabanga ayicabanga
Class 10 zacabanga azicabanga
Class 11 lwacabanga alucabanga
Class 14 bacabanga abucabanga
Class 15 kwacabanga akucabanga
Class 17 kwacabanga akucabanga

References[edit]