centaurea

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See also: Centaurea and centáurea

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

centaurea (plural centaureas)

  1. Alternative spelling of centaury
    • 1850, Harper's Magazine, volume 1, page 449:
      The marjorum stood in ruddy and fragrant masses; harebells and campanulas of several kinds, that are cultivated in our gardens, with bells large and clear; crimson pinks; the Michaelmas daisy; a plant with a thin, radiated yellow flower, of the character of an aster; a centaurea of a light purple, handsomer than any English one; a thistle in the dryest places, resembling an eryngo, with a thick, bushy top; mulleins, yellow and white; the wild mignonnette, and the white convolvulus; and clematis festooning the bushes, recalled the flowery fields and lanes of England, and yet told us that we were not there.
    • 1873, Michigan State Pomological Society, Annual Report of the Michigan State Pomological Society, volume 2, page 131:
      Its border is of tri-colored and quadricolored geranium leaves, intermingled with leaves of the highly tinted coleus and the hoary centaurea.
    • 1953, The Visual Garden Manual, page 48:
      Two of the best-known annual centaureas are C. cyanus (cornflower or Bachelor’s button) and C. moschata (Sweet Sultan).
    • 1975, Pizzetti, Ippolito; Cocker, Henry, Flowers: a Guide for Your Garden, volume 1, page 205:
      The ancient Greeks believed that when Chiron was wounded in the foot by an arrow that Hercules had poisoned with the blood of the Hydra he cured himself by treating the wound with the sap of a centaurea. However, in actual fact, none of the centaureas, like the majority of the family Compositae in general, possess any great medicinal properties.
    • 2000, Smith, Shane, Greenhouse Gardener's Companion: Growing Food and Flowers in Your Greenhouse Or Sunspace, →ISBN, page 194:
      Another type of centaurea, which has an interesting flower with sharp pointed tips, is Centaurea moschata. It is also fragrant and will need staking like the other centaureas but usually doesn’t bloom quite as prolifically.

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

centaurea f (plural centauree)

  1. centaury, star thistle (Centaurea)

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Accessory form of centaurēum in the Herbarium of Pseudo-Apuleius, from Ancient Greek κενταύρειον (kentaúreion, several plants related to Centaurea), from κένταυρος (kéntauros, centaur) (due to the mythological discovery of its medicinal properties by Chiron the Centaur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

centaurēa f (genitive centaurēae); first declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) Alternative form of centaurēum

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative centaurēa centaurēae
Genitive centaurēae centaurēārum
Dative centaurēae centaurēīs
Accusative centaurēam centaurēās
Ablative centaurēā centaurēīs
Vocative centaurēa centaurēae

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]