centesimus

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Latin

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Latin numbers (edit)
1,000
 ←  90 [a], [b] ←  99 C
100
200  →  1,000  → 
10
    Cardinal: centum
    Ordinal: centēsimus
    Adverbial: centiēs, centiēns
    Multiplier: centūplus, centuplex, centumgeminus
    Distributive: centēnus
    Fractional: centēsimus

Etymology

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Probably from Old Latin *cēsimus (hundredth) (from Proto-Italic *kent-tamo-), remodelled after ordinal numbers like vigēsimus (twentieth). Surface analysis centum (hundred) +‎ -ēsimus (-th).

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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centēsimus (feminine centēsima, neuter centēsimum); first/second-declension numeral

  1. hundredth

Declension

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First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative centēsimus centēsima centēsimum centēsimī centēsimae centēsima
Genitive centēsimī centēsimae centēsimī centēsimōrum centēsimārum centēsimōrum
Dative centēsimō centēsimō centēsimīs
Accusative centēsimum centēsimam centēsimum centēsimōs centēsimās centēsima
Ablative centēsimō centēsimā centēsimō centēsimīs
Vocative centēsime centēsima centēsimum centēsimī centēsimae centēsima

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Catalan: centèsim

References

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  • centesimus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • centesimus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • centesimus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to reach one's hundredth year, to live to be a hundred: vitam ad annum centesimum perducere
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “centum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 108