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Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cultus, perfect passive participle of verb colō (to till, to cultivate), originating from Proto-Indo-European *kʷl̥tós, derived from the root *kʷel- (to turn).


  • IPA(key): /ˈ, [ˈkol̪t̪o]
  • Rhymes: -olto
  • Stress: cólto
  • Hyphenation: col‧to


colto (feminine singular colta, masculine plural colti, feminine plural colte)

  1. (of land) cultivated
    terreni colti e incolticultivated and uncultivated fields
    Synonym: coltivato
    Antonym: incolto
  2. (of people) cultured, well-educated, cultivated
    il professore è un uomo molto coltothe professor is a very well-educated man
    Synonyms: acculturato, istruito
    Antonyms: ignorante, incolto
  3. cultured, refined (e.g. of speech, writing)
    quel giornalista scrive in maniera colta e raffinatathat journalist has a cultured and refined way of writing
  4. (obsolete, participial) venerated, revered
    • 16th century, Annibale Caro, transl., Eneide [Aeneid]‎[1], Florence: Leonardo Ciardetti, translation of Aeneis by Virgil, published 1827, Libro II, page 120:
      [] un antico ¶ e deserto delubro, a cui vicino ¶ sorge un cipresso, già molt'anni e molti ¶ in onor della Dea serbato e colto.
      an ancient, deserted shrine, next to which a cypress tree rises, preserved and revered over many, many years in the Goddess' name
    Synonyms: riverito, venerato


colto m (plural colti)

  1. (literary) cultivated field
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin collectus, perfect passive participle of verb colligō (to gather, to collect).


  • IPA(key): /ˈkɔ, [ˈkɔl̪t̪o]
  • Rhymes: -ɔlto
  • Stress: còlto
  • Hyphenation: col‧to


colto m (feminine singular colta, masculine plural colti, feminine plural colte)

  1. past participle of cogliere
Related terms[edit]