cruaidh

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See also: cruadh-

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

cruaidh f (genitive singular cruadhach)

  1. Alternative form of cruach (steel)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

cruaidh f

  1. Ulster and superseded form of crua (hard)

Adjective[edit]

cruaidh (genitive singular feminine cruaidhe, plural cruaidhe, comparative cruaidhe)

  1. Ulster and superseded form of crua (hard)

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cruaidh chruaidh gcruaidh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish crúaid (hard, hardy, harsh; stern, strict), from Proto-Celtic *kroudis, from Proto-Indo-European *krewh₂-.

Adjective[edit]

cruaidh

  1. hard
  2. callous
  3. harsh

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cruaidh f (genitive singular cruadhach or cruaidhe, plural cruadhaichean)

  1. anchor
  2. steel

References[edit]

  • cruaidh” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “crúaid”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language