cruach

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From crua (hard) +‎ -ach.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cruach f (genitive singular cruach)

  1. steel (metal alloy)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish crúach (stack; mountain, hill).

Noun[edit]

cruach f (genitive singular cruaiche, nominative plural cruacha)

  1. stack (of corn or hay), pile
  2. (geography) hill, mountain
Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

cruach (present analytic cruachann, future analytic cruachfaidh, verbal noun cruachadh, past participle cruachta)

  1. (transitive) stack; pile
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cruach chruach gcruach
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "cruach" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 crúach” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “cruach” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “cruach” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish crúach (stack of corn; rick; heap, conical pile; mountain, hill).

Noun[edit]

cruach f (genitive singular cruaiche, plural cruachan)

  1. pile, heap, stack
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish crúachaid (heaps, piles), from crúach (heap, pile).

Verb[edit]

cruach (past chruach, future cruachaidh, verbal noun cruachadh, past participle cruachte)

  1. pile or heap up
  2. make into a stack

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
cruach chruach
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.