cunae

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Latin[edit]

cunae reginae

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱoy-no- (lair, cradle), from *ḱey- (to lie down). Cognate with Ancient Greek κοίτη (koítē).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cūnae f (genitive cūnārum); first declension (usually plural)

  1. cradle
    • 8, Ovid, Fasti, book 6, line 167:
      Post illud nec aves cunas violasse feruntur,/ Et rediit puero, qui fuit ante, color.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (metonymically) nest of young birds
    • after 8, Ovid, Tristia, book 3, elegy 12, line 10:
      Utque malae crimen matris deponat hirundo,/ Sub trabibus cunas, parvaque tecta facit.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. (metonymically) birth or early childhood, infancy; compare cūnābulum
    • 8, Ovid, Metamorphoses, book 3, line 313:
      Furtim illum primis Ino matertera cunis/ Educat. inde datum Nymphae Nyseïdes antris/ Occuluere suis, lactisque alimenta dedere.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 8, Ovid, Metamorphoses, book 9, line 67:
      Cunarum labor est angues superare mearum,/ Dixit: et, ut vincas alios, Acheloë, dracones,/ Pars quota Lernaeae serpens eris unus Echidnae?
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Usage notes[edit]

Although the singular forms do exist in Classical Latin, they were rarely used. The plural was normally used for a singular object.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cūna cūnae
genitive cūnae cūnārum
dative cūnae cūnīs
accusative cūnam cūnās
ablative cūnā cūnīs
vocative cūna cūnae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cunae in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cunae in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cunae” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • cunae in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cunae in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill