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da- (death, disjunct prefix) + -Ø- (3rd person subject prefix) + -Ø- (classifier)-tsaah (imperfective stem of root -TSĄ́, “to die — 1 actor”).



  1. (imperfective) he/she is sick, ill
  2. (in other modes) he/she died
    Shizhéʼé sitsʼą́ą́ʼ daaztsą́.My father died on me, I lost my father.
  3. (with ooljééʼ or jóhonaaʼéí) there is an eclipse
    Ooljééʼ daaztsą́.There's a lunar eclipse.

Usage notes[edit]

This stem is used for one subject only. For dual or plural subjects, see niné.


Paradigm: Conclusive (Ø/si).

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person daastsaah
2nd person danitsaah
3rd person daatsaah
4th person dajitsaah
PERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person dasétsą́
2nd person dasínítsą́
3rd person daaztsą́
4th person dajiztsą́
FUTURE singular duoplural plural
1st person dadeestsaał
2nd person dadíítsaał
3rd person dadootsaał
4th person dazhdootsaał
OPTATIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person daostsaał
2nd person daóótsaał
3rd person daotsaał
4th person dajótsaał

Verbal stems[edit]

  • IMPERFECIVE: -tsaah
  • PERFECTIVE: -tsą́
  • FUTURE: -tsaał
  • OPTATIVE: -tsaał
  • ITERATIVE: -tsaah

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]