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ec- +‎ quis



ecquis m, f (neuter ecquid) (interrogative pronoun)

  1. Is there anyone who?, Is there anybody who?
    Ecquis me vivit fortunatior?
    Is there another man as fortunate as I am?
    Heus ecquis in villa est?
    Is there anybody in the farm?
    Percontabor ecquis adolescentem nouerit.
    I will ask whether any man did know the young fellow.
    Ecquo de homine?
    Of what man?
    Inuestigent ecqua virgo sit, an mulier.
    Let them look whether there is any maiden or woman.

Usage notes[edit]

  • ecquis is used substantivally, and also adjectivally:
    • Plautus, Amphitruo, actus II. In: Plautus with an English translation by Paul Nixon, vol. I of five volumes, 1916, p. 90f.:
      Nunc quidem praeter nos nemo est. dic mihi verum serio:
      ecquis alius Sosia intust, qui mei similis siet?
      (to Alcmena, confidentially) Now then, ma'am, no one's here besides us. (elaborately makes sure of it) Do be serious and tell me the truth—is there another Sosia inside who's just like me?
    • Plautus, Menaechmi, actus IV. In: Plautus with an English translation by Paul Nixon, vol. II of five volumes, 1917, p. 432f.:
      heus, ecquis hic est ianitor?
      Hullo! Anyone minding the door here?
    • Plautus, Mostellaria, actus II. In: Plautus with an English translation by Paul Nixon, vol. III of five volumes, 1924, p. 324f.:
      ecquis homo est, qui facere argenti cupiat aliquantum lucri,
      qui hodie sese excruciari meam vicem possit pati ?
      Anyone anxious to make a bit of easy money by taking my place at an execution ?
    • Titus Livius, ab urbe condita libri, liber XXIII. In: Livy with an English translation; translated by Frank Gardner Moore, volume VI of thirteen volumes containing books XXIII—XXV, 1940, p. 38–41:
      Et ne omnia ipse mirer—mihi quoque enim, quoniam respondi Himilconi, interrogare ius fasque est—velim seu Himilco seu Mago respondeat, cum ad internecionem Romani imperii pugnatum ad Cannas sit constetque in defectione totam Italiam esse, primum, ecquis Latini nominis populus defecerit ad nos, deinde, ecquis homo ex quinque et triginta tribubus ad Hannibalem transfugerit?
      And, not to have all the amazement to myself—for it is right and proper for me too, having answered Himilco, to turn questioner,—I should like either Himilco or Mago to answer, in the first place, whether any state among the Latins has revolted to us, although the battle of Cannae meant the utter destruction of the Roman power, and it is known that all Italy is in revolt; in the second place, whether any man out of the thirty-five tribes has deserted to Hannibal.
    • Publius Vergilius Maro, Ecologae, ecologa X. In: Virgil with an English translation by H. Rushton Fairclough, vol. I of two volumes, 1916, p. 72f.:
      "ecquis erit modus?" inquit.
      "Will there be no end?" he cried.


Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative ecquis ecquid ecquī ecquae
genitive eccuius
ecquōrum ecquārum ecquōrum
dative eccui ecquibus
accusative ecquem ecquid ecquōs ecquās ecquae
ablative ecquō ecquibus


Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]