ehluleka

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -ehlula +‎ -eka.

Verb[edit]

-ehluléka

  1. (intransitive) to be beaten, to be conquered, to be defeated, to be overcome, to be overpowered
  2. (intransitive) to be convinced, to be persuaded

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukwehluleka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukwehluleka ukungehluleki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yehluleka -ehluleke
Plural yehlulekani -ehlulekeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyehluleka, ngehluleka engehlulekayo, engehluleka ngehluleka angehluleki engingehluleki ngingehluleki
2nd singular uyehluleka, wehluleka owehlulekayo, owehluleka wehluleka awehluleki ongehluleki ungehluleki
1st plural siyehluleka, sehluleka esehlulekayo, esehluleka sehluleka asehluleki esingehluleki singehluleki
2nd plural niyehluleka, nehluleka enehlulekayo, enehluleka nehluleka anehluleki eningehluleki ningehluleki
Class 1 uyehluleka, wehluleka owehlulekayo, owehluleka ehluleka akehluleki ongehluleki engehluleki
Class 2 bayehluleka, behluleka abehlulekayo, abehluleka behluleka abehluleki abangehluleki bengehluleki
Class 3 uyehluleka, wehluleka owehlulekayo, owehluleka wehluleka awehluleki ongehluleki ungehluleki
Class 4 iyehluleka, yehluleka eyehlulekayo, eyehluleka yehluleka ayehluleki engehluleki ingehluleki
Class 5 liyehluleka, lehluleka elehlulekayo, elehluleka lehluleka alehluleki elingehluleki lingehluleki
Class 6 ayehluleka, ehluleka ehlulekayo, ehluleka ehluleka awehluleki angehluleki engehluleki
Class 7 siyehluleka, sehluleka esehlulekayo, esehluleka sehluleka asehluleki esingehluleki singehluleki
Class 8 ziyehluleka, zehluleka ezehlulekayo, ezehluleka zehluleka azehluleki ezingehluleki zingehluleki
Class 9 iyehluleka, yehluleka eyehlulekayo, eyehluleka yehluleka ayehluleki engehluleki ingehluleki
Class 10 ziyehluleka, zehluleka ezehlulekayo, ezehluleka zehluleka azehluleki ezingehluleki zingehluleki
Class 11 luyehluleka, lwehluleka olwehlulekayo, olwehluleka lwehluleka alwehluleki olungehluleki lungehluleki
Class 14 buyehluleka, behluleka obehlulekayo, obehluleka behluleka abehluleki obungehluleki bungehluleki
Class 15 kuyehluleka, kwehluleka okwehlulekayo, okwehluleka kwehluleka akwehluleki okungehluleki kungehluleki
Class 17 kuyehluleka, kwehluleka okwehlulekayo, okwehluleka kwehluleka akwehluleki okungehluleki kungehluleki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngehlulekile, ngehlulekē engehlulekile, engehlulekē ngehlulekile, ngehlulekē angehlulekanga engingehlulekanga ngingehlulekanga
2nd singular wehlulekile, wehlulekē owehlulekile, owehlulekē wehlulekile, wehlulekē awehlulekanga ongehlulekanga ungehlulekanga
1st plural sehlulekile, sehlulekē esehlulekile, esehlulekē sehlulekile, sehlulekē asehlulekanga esingehlulekanga singehlulekanga
2nd plural nehlulekile, nehlulekē enehlulekile, enehlulekē nehlulekile, nehlulekē anehlulekanga eningehlulekanga ningehlulekanga
Class 1 wehlulekile, wehlulekē owehlulekile, owehlulekē ehlulekile, ehlulekē akehlulekanga ongehlulekanga engehlulekanga
Class 2 behlulekile, behlulekē abehlulekile, abehlulekē behlulekile, behlulekē abehlulekanga abangehlulekanga bengehlulekanga
Class 3 wehlulekile, wehlulekē owehlulekile, owehlulekē wehlulekile, wehlulekē awehlulekanga ongehlulekanga ungehlulekanga
Class 4 yehlulekile, yehlulekē eyehlulekile, eyehlulekē yehlulekile, yehlulekē ayehlulekanga engehlulekanga ingehlulekanga
Class 5 lehlulekile, lehlulekē elehlulekile, elehlulekē lehlulekile, lehlulekē alehlulekanga elingehlulekanga lingehlulekanga
Class 6 ehlulekile, ehlulekē ehlulekile, ehlulekē ehlulekile, ehlulekē awehlulekanga angehlulekanga engehlulekanga
Class 7 sehlulekile, sehlulekē esehlulekile, esehlulekē sehlulekile, sehlulekē asehlulekanga esingehlulekanga singehlulekanga
Class 8 zehlulekile, zehlulekē ezehlulekile, ezehlulekē zehlulekile, zehlulekē azehlulekanga ezingehlulekanga zingehlulekanga
Class 9 yehlulekile, yehlulekē eyehlulekile, eyehlulekē yehlulekile, yehlulekē ayehlulekanga engehlulekanga ingehlulekanga
Class 10 zehlulekile, zehlulekē ezehlulekile, ezehlulekē zehlulekile, zehlulekē azehlulekanga ezingehlulekanga zingehlulekanga
Class 11 lwehlulekile, lwehlulekē olwehlulekile, olwehlulekē lwehlulekile, lwehlulekē alwehlulekanga olungehlulekanga lungehlulekanga
Class 14 behlulekile, behlulekē obehlulekile, obehlulekē behlulekile, behlulekē abehlulekanga obungehlulekanga bungehlulekanga
Class 15 kwehlulekile, kwehlulekē okwehlulekile, okwehlulekē kwehlulekile, kwehlulekē akwehlulekanga okungehlulekanga kungehlulekanga
Class 17 kwehlulekile, kwehlulekē okwehlulekile, okwehlulekē kwehlulekile, kwehlulekē akwehlulekanga okungehlulekanga kungehlulekanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngēhluleka engēhluleka ngēhluleka angehlulekanga engingehlulekanga ngingehlulekanga
2nd singular wēhluleka owēhluleka wēhluleka awehlulekanga ongehlulekanga ungehlulekanga
1st plural sēhluleka esēhluleka sēhluleka asehlulekanga esingehlulekanga singehlulekanga
2nd plural nēhluleka enēhluleka nēhluleka anehlulekanga eningehlulekanga ningehlulekanga
Class 1 wēhluleka owēhluleka ēhluleka akehlulekanga ongehlulekanga engehlulekanga
Class 2 bēhluleka abēhluleka bēhluleka abehlulekanga abangehlulekanga bengehlulekanga
Class 3 wēhluleka owēhluleka wēhluleka awehlulekanga ongehlulekanga ungehlulekanga
Class 4 yēhluleka eyēhluleka yēhluleka ayehlulekanga engehlulekanga ingehlulekanga
Class 5 lēhluleka elēhluleka lēhluleka alehlulekanga elingehlulekanga lingehlulekanga
Class 6 ēhluleka ēhluleka ēhluleka awehlulekanga angehlulekanga engehlulekanga
Class 7 sēhluleka esēhluleka sēhluleka asehlulekanga esingehlulekanga singehlulekanga
Class 8 zēhluleka ezēhluleka zēhluleka azehlulekanga ezingehlulekanga zingehlulekanga
Class 9 yēhluleka eyēhluleka yēhluleka ayehlulekanga engehlulekanga ingehlulekanga
Class 10 zēhluleka ezēhluleka zēhluleka azehlulekanga ezingehlulekanga zingehlulekanga
Class 11 lwēhluleka olwēhluleka lwēhluleka alwehlulekanga olungehlulekanga lungehlulekanga
Class 14 bēhluleka obēhluleka bēhluleka abehlulekanga obungehlulekanga bungehlulekanga
Class 15 kwēhluleka okwēhluleka kwēhluleka akwehlulekanga okungehlulekanga kungehlulekanga
Class 17 kwēhluleka okwēhluleka kwēhluleka akwehlulekanga okungehlulekanga kungehlulekanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingehluleka ngingehluleka ngingehluleke ngingehluleke
2nd singular ungehluleka ungehluleka ungehluleke ungehluleke
1st plural singehluleka singehluleka singehluleke singehluleke
2nd plural ningehluleka ningehluleka ningehluleke ningehluleke
Class 1 angehluleka engehluleka angehluleke engehluleke
Class 2 bangehluleka bengehluleka bangehluleke bengehluleke
Class 3 ungehluleka ungehluleka ungehluleke ungehluleke
Class 4 ingehluleka ingehluleka ingehluleke ingehluleke
Class 5 lingehluleka lingehluleka lingehluleke lingehluleke
Class 6 angehluleka engehluleka angehluleke engehluleke
Class 7 singehluleka singehluleka singehluleke singehluleke
Class 8 zingehluleka zingehluleka zingehluleke zingehluleke
Class 9 ingehluleka ingehluleka ingehluleke ingehluleke
Class 10 zingehluleka zingehluleka zingehluleke zingehluleke
Class 11 lungehluleka lungehluleka lungehluleke lungehluleke
Class 14 bungehluleka bungehluleka bungehluleke bungehluleke
Class 15 kungehluleka kungehluleka kungehluleke kungehluleke
Class 17 kungehluleka kungehluleka kungehluleke kungehluleke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokwehluleka engizokwehluleka ngizokwehluleka angizukwehluleka engingezukwehluleka ngingezukwehluleka
2nd singular uzokwehluleka ozokwehluleka uzokwehluleka awuzukwehluleka ongezukwehluleka ungezukwehluleka
1st plural sizokwehluleka esizokwehluleka sizokwehluleka asizukwehluleka esingezukwehluleka singezukwehluleka
2nd plural nizokwehluleka enizokwehluleka nizokwehluleka anizukwehluleka eningezukwehluleka ningezukwehluleka
Class 1 uzokwehluleka ozokwehluleka ezokwehluleka akazukwehluleka ongezukwehluleka engezukwehluleka
Class 2 bazokwehluleka abazokwehluleka bezokwehluleka abazukwehluleka abangezukwehluleka bengezukwehluleka
Class 3 uzokwehluleka ozokwehluleka uzokwehluleka awuzukwehluleka ongezukwehluleka ungezukwehluleka
Class 4 izokwehluleka ezokwehluleka izokwehluleka ayizukwehluleka engezukwehluleka ingezukwehluleka
Class 5 lizokwehluleka elizokwehluleka lizokwehluleka alizukwehluleka elingezukwehluleka lingezukwehluleka
Class 6 azokwehluleka azokwehluleka ezokwehluleka awazukwehluleka angezukwehluleka engezukwehluleka
Class 7 sizokwehluleka esizokwehluleka sizokwehluleka asizukwehluleka esingezukwehluleka singezukwehluleka
Class 8 zizokwehluleka ezizokwehluleka zizokwehluleka azizukwehluleka ezingezukwehluleka zingezukwehluleka
Class 9 izokwehluleka ezokwehluleka izokwehluleka ayizukwehluleka engezukwehluleka ingezukwehluleka
Class 10 zizokwehluleka ezizokwehluleka zizokwehluleka azizukwehluleka ezingezukwehluleka zingezukwehluleka
Class 11 luzokwehluleka oluzokwehluleka luzokwehluleka aluzukwehluleka olungezukwehluleka lungezukwehluleka
Class 14 buzokwehluleka obuzokwehluleka buzokwehluleka abuzukwehluleka obungezukwehluleka bungezukwehluleka
Class 15 kuzokwehluleka okuzokwehluleka kuzokwehluleka akuzukwehluleka okungezukwehluleka kungezukwehluleka
Class 17 kuzokwehluleka okuzokwehluleka kuzokwehluleka akuzukwehluleka okungezukwehluleka kungezukwehluleka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokwehluleka engiyokwehluleka ngiyokwehluleka angiyukwehluleka engingeyukwehluleka ngingeyukwehluleka
2nd singular uyokwehluleka oyokwehluleka uyokwehluleka awuyukwehluleka ongeyukwehluleka ungeyukwehluleka
1st plural siyokwehluleka esiyokwehluleka siyokwehluleka asiyukwehluleka esingeyukwehluleka singeyukwehluleka
2nd plural niyokwehluleka eniyokwehluleka niyokwehluleka aniyukwehluleka eningeyukwehluleka ningeyukwehluleka
Class 1 uyokwehluleka oyokwehluleka eyokwehluleka akayukwehluleka ongeyukwehluleka engeyukwehluleka
Class 2 bayokwehluleka abayokwehluleka beyokwehluleka abayukwehluleka abangeyukwehluleka bengeyukwehluleka
Class 3 uyokwehluleka oyokwehluleka uyokwehluleka awuyukwehluleka ongeyukwehluleka ungeyukwehluleka
Class 4 iyokwehluleka eyokwehluleka iyokwehluleka ayiyukwehluleka engeyukwehluleka ingeyukwehluleka
Class 5 liyokwehluleka eliyokwehluleka liyokwehluleka aliyukwehluleka elingeyukwehluleka lingeyukwehluleka
Class 6 ayokwehluleka ayokwehluleka eyokwehluleka awayukwehluleka angeyukwehluleka engeyukwehluleka
Class 7 siyokwehluleka esiyokwehluleka siyokwehluleka asiyukwehluleka esingeyukwehluleka singeyukwehluleka
Class 8 ziyokwehluleka eziyokwehluleka ziyokwehluleka aziyukwehluleka ezingeyukwehluleka zingeyukwehluleka
Class 9 iyokwehluleka eyokwehluleka iyokwehluleka ayiyukwehluleka engeyukwehluleka ingeyukwehluleka
Class 10 ziyokwehluleka eziyokwehluleka ziyokwehluleka aziyukwehluleka ezingeyukwehluleka zingeyukwehluleka
Class 11 luyokwehluleka oluyokwehluleka luyokwehluleka aluyukwehluleka olungeyukwehluleka lungeyukwehluleka
Class 14 buyokwehluleka obuyokwehluleka buyokwehluleka abuyukwehluleka obungeyukwehluleka bungeyukwehluleka
Class 15 kuyokwehluleka okuyokwehluleka kuyokwehluleka akuyukwehluleka okungeyukwehluleka kungeyukwehluleka
Class 17 kuyokwehluleka okuyokwehluleka kuyokwehluleka akuyukwehluleka okungeyukwehluleka kungeyukwehluleka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngehluleke ngingehluleki
2nd singular wehluleke ungehluleki
1st plural sehluleke singehluleki
2nd plural nehluleke ningehluleki
Class 1 ehluleke angehluleki
Class 2 behluleke bangehluleki
Class 3 wehluleke ungehluleki
Class 4 yehluleke ingehluleki
Class 5 lehluleke lingehluleki
Class 6 ehluleke angehluleki
Class 7 sehluleke singehluleki
Class 8 zehluleke zingehluleki
Class 9 yehluleke ingehluleki
Class 10 zehluleke zingehluleki
Class 11 lwehluleke lungehluleki
Class 14 behluleke bungehluleki
Class 15 kwehluleke kungehluleki
Class 17 kwehluleke kungehluleki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngehluleka ngangehluleka, angehluleka, angangehluleka
2nd singular wehluleka wangehluleka, awehluleka, awangehluleka
1st plural sehluleka sangehluleka, asehluleka, asangehluleka
2nd plural nehluleka nangehluleka, anehluleka, anangehluleka
Class 1 wehluleka wangehluleka, akehluleka, akangehluleka
Class 2 behluleka bangehluleka, abehluleka, abangehluleka
Class 3 wehluleka wangehluleka, awehluleka, awangehluleka
Class 4 yehluleka yangehluleka, ayehluleka, ayangehluleka
Class 5 lehluleka langehluleka, alehluleka, alangehluleka
Class 6 ehluleka angehluleka, awehluleka, awangehluleka
Class 7 sehluleka sangehluleka, asehluleka, asangehluleka
Class 8 zehluleka zangehluleka, azehluleka, azangehluleka
Class 9 yehluleka yangehluleka, ayehluleka, ayangehluleka
Class 10 zehluleka zangehluleka, azehluleka, azangehluleka
Class 11 lwehluleka lwangehluleka, alwehluleka, alwangehluleka
Class 14 behluleka bangehluleka, abehluleka, abangehluleka
Class 15 kwehluleka kwangehluleka, akwehluleka, akwangehluleka
Class 17 kwehluleka kwangehluleka, akwehluleka, akwangehluleka

References[edit]