erythrocyte

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See also: érythrocyte

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From erythro- (red) +‎ -cyte (cell), referring to the red color of hemoglobin when oxygen is bound to it.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /əˈɹɪθɹəˌsaɪt/

Noun[edit]

erythrocyte (plural erythrocytes)

  1. (hematology, cytology) An anucleate hemoglobin-containing cell, especially as found in humans but more generally present in the blood of most vertebrates, that is involved with the transport of oxygen; a red blood cell.
    • 1901 March 23, Ch. S. Sherrington, “The name of the red corpuscle: a suggestion”, in British Medical Journal, page 742:
      The want of success of these names may be attributed to their awkwardness in sound or sense; "erythrocyte" seems the best of them, but is unfortunately four-syllabled.
    • 1901 September 1, C. Y. White, “Granular degeneration of the erythrocyte”, in The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, volume 122, number 3:
      Granular, basic, or punctate degeneration of the erythrocyte is a condition in which this cell presents fine or coarse granules that have an affinity for basic stains.

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