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Old French[edit]



  1. Alternative form of espargnier
    • circa 1150, Turoldus, La Chanson de Roland:
      Tuz sunt ocis cist Franceis chevalers,
      Ne mes seisante, que Deus i ad esparniez
      All the French soldiers were killed
      All but sixty, that God had spared


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. The forms that would normally end in *-rns, *-rnt are modified to rz, rt. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.