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extrā (outside) +‎ -āneus.



extrāneus (feminine extrānea, neuter extrāneum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. foreign
  2. strange


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative extrāneus extrānea extrāneum extrāneī extrāneae extrānea
Genitive extrāneī extrāneae extrāneī extrāneōrum extrāneārum extrāneōrum
Dative extrāneō extrāneō extrāneīs
Accusative extrāneum extrāneam extrāneum extrāneōs extrāneās extrānea
Ablative extrāneō extrāneā extrāneō extrāneīs
Vocative extrānee extrānea extrāneum extrāneī extrāneae extrānea


extrāneus m (genitive extrāneī); second declension

  1. foreigner
  2. stranger; outsider
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Proverbs.27.2:
      Laudet tē aliēnus, et nōn os tuum: extrāneus, et nōn labia tua.
      Let another praise thee, and not thy own mouth: a stranger, and not thy own lips.
      (Douay-Rheims trans., Challoner rev.: 1752 CE)


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative extrāneus extrāneī
Genitive extrāneī extrāneōrum
Dative extrāneō extrāneīs
Accusative extrāneum extrāneōs
Ablative extrāneō extrāneīs
Vocative extrānee extrāneī



  • extraneus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • extraneus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • extraneus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • extraneus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette