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Alternative forms[edit]


Medieval Latin feudum, feodum, fevum, feum etc. was borrowed from Old French or Old Occitan feu/fieu, which was borrowed from Frankish *fehu (livestock, cattle),[1] which stems from Proto-Germanic *fehu.

The -d- in feudum, feodum was inserted under influence of Latin allodium,[2] also of Frankish origin. Or possibly the term is borrowed from Frankish *fehu-ôd.[3]

Latin feudum is cognate to Catalan feu, which is borrowed from Frankish *fehu (livestock, cattle).[4]


feudum n (genitive feudī); second declension

  1. A fief, fee.
    • 1792, Sir Martin Wright, Introduction to the law of tenures, 21
      ea conventio a feudo degenerat cujus eſt Natura ut incerta ſint ſervitia


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative feudum feuda
Genitive feudī feudōrum
Dative feudō feudīs
Accusative feudum feuda
Ablative feudō feudīs
Vocative feudum feuda

Derived terms[edit]


  • Asturian: feudu
  • Italian: feudo
  • Old French: feud
  • Spanish: feudo
  • Portuguese: feudo
  • Middle English: feudum


  1. ^ “feudo” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN
  2. ^ “fief”; in: Jacqueline Picoche, Jean-Claude Rolland, Dictionnaire étymologique du français, Paris 2009, Dictionnaires Le Robert, →ISBN
  3. ^ Samarrai, Alauddin (1998), “Notices on Pe'ah, Fay' and Feudum”, in Lubetski, Meir, editor, Boundaries of the ancient Near Eastern world: a tribute to Cyrus H. Gordon, Continuum International Publishing Group, pages 248-250
  4. ^ http://www.diccionari.cat/lexicx.jsp?GECART=0063693