forbirnan

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Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *forbrinnan, from West Germanic *frabrinnan. Cognate with Old High German firbrinnan. Equivalent to for- +‎ birnan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /forˈbir.nɑn/, [forˈbirˠ.nɑn]

Verb[edit]

forbirnan

  1. (intransitive) to burn (completely): burn down, burn up
    • late 10th century, Ælfric, the Old English Hexateuch, Exodus 3:2
      Mōȳsēs ġeseah þæt se þyrne barn and næs forburnen.
      Moses saw that the bush was burning without being consumed.
    • c. 900, translation of Bede's Ecclesiastical History
      Eft ġelamp æfter tīde fæce þætte se ilca tūn forbarn and sēo ilce ċiriċe.
      Then after a while the same town burned down again, along with the same church.
    • c. 900, translation of Orosius' History Against the Pagans
      Ethna fȳr āflēow upp swā brād and swā miċel þætte eall þā clifu þe nēah þǣre sǣ wǣron forburnon tō ascan.
      Mount Etna erupted so explosively that all the cliffs near the sea were burned to ashes.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: forbrinnen, forburnen