Category:Old English class 3 strong verbs

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Recent additions to the category
  1. formeltan
  2. forberstan
  3. forbiernan
  4. beornan
  5. ymbbindan
  6. forscrincan
  7. geþingan
  8. gehrinan
  9. hrinan
  10. geswincan
Oldest pages ordered by last edit
  1. meltan
  2. þringan
  3. grimman
  4. belgan
  5. spurnan
  6. beornan
  7. hrinan
  8. scrincan
  9. sweorcan
  10. feolan

Fundamental » All languages » Old English » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 3 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by a consonant cluster in Proto-Indo-European.


There are two subclasses: class IIIa consists of verbs with m or n following the vowel, IIIb consists of the remainder. Class IIIb verbs may have various different vowels because of breaking in Old English.

The vowel pattern is:

Form Class IIIa Class IIIb
+r,h +l g,c,sc+ others
Present tense -i- -eo- -e- -ie- -e-
Past singular ind. -a- -ea- -ea- -ea- -æ-
Past general -u- -u- -u- -u- -u-
Past participle -u- -o- -o- -o- -o-