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From Old Norse gegnum, dative of the adjective gegn (“right, fitting”), derived from the preposition gegn (“against”), from Proto-Germanic *gagin (“towards”). Compare also Danish igen, English again, against, German gegen, entgegen.
- through (in space, from one side to the other)
- through (in space, from the outside, through an opening or through a barrier)
- through, during (in time, from the beginning to the end)
- by means of, through, by (using as an instrument)