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From Russian грузи́н (gruzín), (given the non-Latvian suffix -īn), itself probably from the Persian designation of Georgians as Gurjhān and the country as Gurjistan (compare Russian Гру́зия (Grúzija)), which stemmed from the Ancient Iranian and Middle Persian vrkān/waručān, possibly a variant form of varkân “land of the wolves.” The Western forms, like English Georgia, result from folk etymology associating the Persian forms with Latin Georgius, from Ancient Greek Γεώργιος (Geṓrgios), from γεωργός (geōrgós, farmer), and have been sometimes connected to the name of Saint George.




gruzīns m (1st declension, feminine form: gruzīniete)

  1. a Georgian man, a man born in the country of Georgia or of Georgian descent
    gruzīni dedzīgi lasa savas vārsmasthe Georgians eagerly read their verses
    zooparkā pie pērtiķu krātiņa stāv un strīdās armēnis un gruzīnsin the zoo, an Armenian and a Georgian are engaged in an argument at the monkey cage
  2. (genitive plural) Georgian; pertaining to Georgia and its people
    gruzīnu valodathe Georgian language
    gruzīnu alfabētsthe Georgian alphabet
    gruzīnu literatūraGeorgian literature
    gruzīnu nacionālā kultūraGeorgian national culture


Related terms[edit]