hózhǫ́

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See also: hózhó

Navajo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ho-(space, area, things) + -◌́- (ni-modal 3rd person subject prefix) + -Ø-(classifier) + -zhǫ́ (neuter imperfective stem of root -ZHǪǪD, “to be nice, peaceful, beautiful”).

The high-tone comes from the ni- deletion characteristic of the ni-imperfective. See niteel, nineez for similar examples.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hózhǫ́

  1. (impersonal) it is beautiful, peaceful, harmonious, nice
    Bił hózhǫ́.
    With him, things are beautiful. → He is happy.
    Baa shił hózhǫ́.
    About it, with me, things are beautiful. → I am happy about it (that it is done well in terms of quality).

Conjugation[edit]

Paradigm: Neuter imperfective (ni), third person only.

In other modes, hózhǫ́ is suppleted by the active verb hoozhǫǫh (momentaneous Ø/yi), reproduced here for reference.

3rd person singular
IMPERFECTIVE hoozhǫǫh
PERFECTIVE hóózhǫǫd
FUTURE hodoozhǫǫł
ITERATIVE náhoojǫh
OPTATIVE hózhǫh

Noun[edit]

hózhǫ́

  1. (nominalization of the verb) beauty and harmony, peace, balance, happiness and contentment, wholeness, goodness
    Hózhǫ́ náhásdlį́į́ʼ
    it has become beauty again; beauty is restored.

Adverb[edit]

hózhǫ́

  1. well
  2. very, extremely
  3. very much

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]