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From older herce, from Old French herce, from Germanic. Related to English harrow and Old Norse herfi.




  1. to hassle; to bother; to disrupt


This verb can be conjugated in 2 ways. The first table shows the conjugation before the 1990 spelling reform of the French language, the second shows it after the spelling reforms. Both spellings are today considered correct.

  • This verb is conjugated mostly like the regular -er verbs (parler and chanter and so on), but the -e- /ə/ of the second-to-last syllable becomes -è- /ɛ/ when the next vowel is a silent or schwa -e-. For example, in the third-person singular present indicative, we have il harcèle rather than *il harcele. Other verbs conjugated this way include lever and mener. Related but distinct conjugations include those of appeler and préférer.

  • With the exception of appeler, jeter and their derived verbs, all verbs that used to double the consonants can also now be conjugated like amener.

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