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Alternative forms[edit]


Uncertain. There are various possibilities.

  1. a substrate pre-Indo-European word with no recorded or surviving cognates (words for technologies are retained, otherwise we would have expected Albanian to have borrowed the word for iron by one of the many neighbors, invaders or directly fro PIE)
  2. a substrate word cognate to Old Armenian երկաթ ‎(erkatʿ), via a proto-form with metathesis *herku
  3. related to hekë
  4. an irregular borrowing from Greek ἄγκυρα 'anchor'.


hekur m (indefinite plural hekura, definite singular hekuri, definite plural hekurat)

  1. iron (the metal)
Related terms[edit]


  • Schrader, Otto (1890) Prehistoric antiquities of the Aryan peoples: a manual of comparative philology and the earliest culture, translated from the 2nd German edition by Frank Byron Jevons, London: Charles Griffin and Company, page 210