hrjósa

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Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hrjósa, from Proto-Germanic *hreusaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hrjósa (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative hraus, third-person plural past indicative hrusu, supine hrosið)

  1. to shudder
    Mér hrýs hugur við sóuninni sem stöðugt á sér stað í vestrænum þjóðfélögum.
    I shudder at the thought of the waste that continually happens in western societies.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This verb is now limited to the subject hugur (“mind”) in the phrase hrjósa hugur við (“shudder at the thought of“; literally, “[one's] mind shudder”), which takes a dative object in front (indicating the person whose mind shudders) in addition to the dative object of the preposition við (indicating what makes it shudder).


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hreusaną (to shudder, shiver, quiver), from Proto-Indo-European *krewa-, *krū (raw meat, fresh blood). Related to Old Norse hrār (raw, fresh, juicy), Old English hrēaw, hrēow (raw), Avestan [script?] (xrūra), Avestan [script?] (xrvant, ghastly, gruesome). More at raw.

Verb[edit]

hrjósa (singular past indicative hraus, plural past indicative hrusu, past participle hrosinn)

  1. to shudder

Usage notes[edit]

Attested usage is the same as in modern Icelandic, with hugr and við. (See Icelandic section above.)

Descendants[edit]