jihad + -ism
Coined in the late 1970s, from Arabic جِهَاد (jihād) + -ism, based on the earlier (1960s) adjective jihadist.
jihadism (usually uncountable, plural jihadisms)
- The ideological movement within modern Islamism that advocates armed jihad.
1983, Research in social anthropology, 1975-1980:
- The twin institutions of mahdist jihadism and radical puritanical sufism
2009 February 4, Jonathan Freedland, “As British Jews come under attack, the liberal left must not remain silent”, in The Guardian:
- Liberals rightly recoil from the constant pressure on Muslims to explain themselves and denounce jihadism or even islamism.
ideological movement within modern Islamic fundamentalism