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 kuģis on Latvian Wikipedia


Borrowed from Middle Low German kogge (wide, roundish ship), or from Old Frisian kogge, Middle Dutch kogge, or perhaps from Old Norse kuggi (sea vessel) or Swedish kogg (merchant ship). The word was first used in Germanic languages to refer to a kind of sail, wide with stumpy, roundish ends; it spread all over the Baltic sea in the 14th-15th centuries with the Hanseatic league, when it was borrowed into Latvian. At first used only as sailors' slang, it spread under Swedish influence in the 17th and 18th century (though one 18th-century author mentions that kuģis was used mostly in Riga, liela laiva “big boat” being used elsewhere); by the mid-19th century, it had became a general term for all kinds of ships in the standard language.[1]




kuģis m (2nd declension)

  1. ship (fairly large vehicle on water)
    pasažieru kuģispassenger ship
    tirdzniecības, zvejas kuģiscommercial, fishing ship
    glābšanas kuģisrescue ship
    okeāna, jūras, upes kuģisocean, sea, river ship
    mīnu kuģisminelayer (lit. mine ship)
    kuģa korpuss, priekšgals, pakaļgalsship hull, bow, stern
    kuģa klājsship deck
    kuģa kapteinis, apkalpeship's captain, crew
    kuģa žurnālsship's log book
    uzkāpt uz kuģaclimb on board of, embark on the ship
    nokāpt no kuģato disembark from the ship
    kuģu būvētavashipyard
    kara kuģiswar ship
    lidmašīnu bāzes kuģisaircraft carrier
  2. flying vessel (syn. lidaparāts)
    gaisa kuģis, gaisakuģisaircraft
    kosmikais, kosmosa kuģisspaceship



Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kuģis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN