lauseenvastike

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Finnish[edit]

(index la)

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Etymology[edit]

Genitive of lause (clause) + vastike (substitute)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɑu.seːnˌvɑs.ti.ke(ʔ)]
  • Hyphenation: lau‧seen‧vas‧ti‧ke

Noun[edit]

lauseenvastike

  1. (grammar) participial phrase (short phrase consisting of a participle and any modifiers, objects, and complements)
    väärä lauseenvastike
    dangling participle
  2. (grammar) absolute construction

Declension[edit]

Inflection of lauseenvastike (Kotus type 48/hame, kk-k gradation)
nominative lauseenvastike lauseenvastikkeet
genitive lauseenvastikkeen lauseenvastikkeiden
lauseenvastikkeitten
partitive lauseenvastiketta lauseenvastikkeita
illative lauseenvastikkeeseen lauseenvastikkeisiin
lauseenvastikkeihin
singular plural
nominative lauseenvastike lauseenvastikkeet
accusative nom. lauseenvastike lauseenvastikkeet
gen. lauseenvastikkeen
genitive lauseenvastikkeen lauseenvastikkeiden
lauseenvastikkeitten
partitive lauseenvastiketta lauseenvastikkeita
inessive lauseenvastikkeessa lauseenvastikkeissa
elative lauseenvastikkeesta lauseenvastikkeista
illative lauseenvastikkeeseen lauseenvastikkeisiin
lauseenvastikkeihin
adessive lauseenvastikkeella lauseenvastikkeilla
ablative lauseenvastikkeelta lauseenvastikkeilta
allative lauseenvastikkeelle lauseenvastikkeille
essive lauseenvastikkeena lauseenvastikkeina
translative lauseenvastikkeeksi lauseenvastikkeiksi
instructive lauseenvastikkein
abessive lauseenvastikkeetta lauseenvastikkeitta
comitative lauseenvastikkeineen

Usage notes[edit]

In Finnish lauseenvastike is defined as a structure, the content of which corresponds to a sentence, but which has no grammatical predicate. As the word indicates, a lauseenvastike may usually be replaced with a subordinate clause. Instead of a predicate, a lauseenvastike usually contains an infinitive or participle form of a verb. The English translation usually involves a participial phrase, sometimes an absolute construction. On the other hand, every English participial phrase may not be translated into Finnish with a lauseenvastike, but a subordinate clause must be used.

In spoken language lauseenvastike is seldom used, and the same idea is expressed with a subordinate clause instead.