- (grammar) participial phrase (short phrase consisting of a participle and any modifiers, objects, and complements)
- väärä lauseenvastike
- (grammar) absolute construction
In Finnish lauseenvastike is defined as a structure, the content of which corresponds to a sentence, but which has no grammatical predicate. As the word indicates, a lauseenvastike may usually be replaced with a subordinate clause. Instead of a predicate, a lauseenvastike usually contains an infinitive or participle form of a verb. The English translation usually involves a participial phrase, sometimes an absolute construction. On the other hand, every English participial phrase may not be translated into Finnish with a lauseenvastike, but a subordinate clause must be used.
In spoken language lauseenvastike is seldom used, and the same idea is expressed with a subordinate clause instead.