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See also: Lepus


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lepus (a hare)


Unknown. Perhaps not an Indo-European word. It may be of Iberian origin, or else of Celtiberian substrate origin and related to Massaliot λεβηρίς (lebērís).



lepus m (genitive leporis); third declension

  1. a hare
    Sextus videt leporem.Sextus sees the hare.
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 15.100:
      et lepus inpavidus mediīs errāvit in arvīs
      and hares wandered, unafraid, among the fields
  2. a poisonous sea fish colored like the hare
    • 23 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Nātūrālis Historia 32.3:
      Nōn sunt minus mīra quae dē lepore marīnō trāduntur.
      No less wonderful, too, are the particulars which we find stated relative to the sea-hare.
  3. (astronomy) the constellation Lepus
    • Hyginus, Dē Astronomiā :
      Leporis autem hanc historiam memoriae prōdidērunt.
      The following story of the Hare has been recorded.


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lepus leporēs
Genitive leporis leporum
Dative leporī leporibus
Accusative leporem leporēs
Ablative lepore leporibus
Vocative lepus leporēs

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



  • lepus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lepus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lepus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lepus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette



(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


lepùs m (feminine lepì) stress pattern 4

  1. fastidious, spoilt
    Jis lepus ir visada galvoja tik apie save
    He is so fastidious and always thinking only about himself.