miquiztli

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Classical Nahuatl[edit]

The glyph for the day sign miquiztli “death”, from the Codex Magliabechiano.

Etymology[edit]

An elision of miquiliztli, from miqui ‎(to die).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

miquiztli ‎(inanimate)

  1. (it is) the action of dying or the state of being dead; death.
  2. (it is) a death's head or skull.
    • 16C: Bernardino de Sahagún, Primeros memoriales
      ynic tlachiuhtli colotli tlatlatili yaoaltic ynic tlatzacutli chamolivitl tẽtlapilolo ycpac ca ỹ miquiztli quetzaltzoyo pepeyocyo
  3. (it is) the sixth of the twenty day signs of the tōnalpōhualli; a flaking death's head.
    • 16th c.: Codex Magliabechiano, f. 12r.
      chicunauj. mi quiz tlj / q̇ quiere dezir nueve / ṁuertos. el qúe na / ce en eſte dia dizen q́ es señal / ėntre ellos q̇ a de morir / luego. […]
      chicunauj. miquiztlj. which means “nine death”. they say that for one to be born on this day is a sign that he will die later.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1571, Alonso de Molina, Vocabulario en lengua castellana y mexicana y mexicana y castellana, Editorial Porrúa, page 87v, 57r:
  • 1885, Rémi Siméon, Diccionario de la lengua náhuatl o mexicana, Siglo Veintiuno Editores, page 278:
  • 1981, Laurette Séjourné, El pensamiento náhuatl cifrado por los calendarios, Siglo Veintiuno Editores, page 21: