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From Old Latin moene (from Proto-Indo-European *mey- ‎(to fix, to build fortifications or fences)), used as a singular; it later became a plurale tantum. Cognate with murus ‎(wall).



moenia n pl ‎(genitive moenium); third declension

  1. city walls, fortifications


Third declension neuter “pure” i-stem.

Case Plural
nominative moenia
genitive moenium
dative moenibus
accusative moenia
ablative moenibus
vocative moenia


  • moenia in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • moenia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • moenia in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to advance to the walls protected by a covering of shields: testudine facta moenia subire (B. G. 2. 6)
  • moenia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • moenia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin