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ni- (modal) + -Ø- (3rd person subject prefix) + -Ø- (classifier)-zin (neuter imperfective stem of root -ZĮĮD, “to think, to know”).

This verb exhibits irregular tones on the inner prefix /ni/ syllable in the second-person singular and third-person singular and duoplural forms.




  1. he/she thinks, is of the opinion
    Ashkii léi háágóó deeyá nínízin?Where do you think that boy is going?
    George shíká adoolwoł nisin.I think George will help me.
    George bíká adeeshwoł nízin.George wants to help him. (lit. George thinks “I will help him”.)
    George jíká adeeshwoł nízin.George wants to help me. (lit. George thinks “I will help him (4th person)”.)
  2. (in a number of set expressions) he/she feels:
    ahééh nízinhe/she is thankful
    bił nízinhe/she is sleepy
    dibááʼ nízinhe/she is thirsty
    dichin nízinhe/she is hungry
    tsį́į́ł nízinhe/she is in a hurry, is impatient

Usage notes[edit]

This is a neuter verb that uses only the imperfective mode. The conjugation is identical to yinízin (he/she wants it) except for the third person, due to the latter being transitive.


Paradigm: Neuter imperfective (Ø), with some irregularities.

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person nisin niidzin daniidzin
2nd person nínízin nohsin danohsin
3rd person nízin danízin
4th person jinízin daznízin

Related terms[edit]