nízin

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Navajo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ni-(modal) + -Ø-(3rd person subject prefix) + -Ø-(classifier) + -zin (neuter imperfective stem of root -ZĮĮD, “to think, to know”).

This verb exhibits irregular tones on the inner prefix /ni/ syllable in the second-person singular and third-person singular and duoplural forms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

nízin

  1. he/she thinks, is of the opinion
    Ashkii léi háágóó deeyá nínízin?‎ ― Where do you think that boy is going?
    George shíká adoolwoł nisin.‎ ― I think George will help me.
  2. (in a number of set expressions) he/she feels:
    ahééh nízin — he/she is thankful
    bił nízin — he/she is sleepy
    dibááʼ nízin — he/she is thirsty
    dichin nízin — he/she is hungry
    tsį́į́ł nízin — he/she is in a hurry, is impatient

Usage notes[edit]

This is a neuter verb that uses only the imperfective mode. The conjugation is identical to yinízin(he/she wants it) except for the third person, due to the latter being transitive.

Conjugation[edit]

Paradigm: Neuter imperfective, with some irregularities.

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person nisin niidzin daniidzin
2nd person nínízin nohsin danohsin
3rd person nízin danízin
4th person jinízin daznízin

Related terms[edit]