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From Proto-Italic *poomos. Possibly from an obscure Mediterranean substrate language, or an evolution of Old Latin roots *po-emo (picked off), possible variants including *po-omo and *pe-omo.[1]



pōmum n (genitive pōmī); second declension

  1. any type of fruit (applied to apples, cherries, nuts, berries, figs, dates, etc.)
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.253:
      stābat adhūc dūrīs fīcus dēnsissima pōmīs
      There stood a fig-tree loaded with fruit, [although it was] still hard [unripe].
      There stood a fig-tree, still loaded with unripe fruit.

      (Joins the ablative plurals dūrīs and pōmīs.)
  2. fruit tree


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pōmum pōma
Genitive pōmī pōmōrum
Dative pōmō pōmīs
Accusative pōmum pōma
Ablative pōmō pōmīs
Vocative pōmum pōma

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: pom
    • Romanian: pom
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
    • Emilian: pùm, pàm
    • Lombard: pom
    • Piedmontese: pom
      • Alemannic German: pum (Italian Walser)
    • Venetian: pomo
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
    • Occitan:
      Auvergnat: pòm
      Provençal: pom
      Vivaro-Alpine: pom
  • Latin: pomārium
    • Vulgar Latin: *pomāre- ?
      • Balkan Romance:
      • Padanian:
      • Ibero-Romance:
  • Borrowings:


  • pomum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pomum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pomum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pomum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  1. ^ de Vaan, Michiel, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, vol. 7, of Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series, Alexander Lubotsky ed., Leiden: Brill, 2008.