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Etymology 1


From Proto-Italic *poomos. Likely from Proto-Italic *po-emo- (picked off), or possibly *po-omo- or *pe-omo-.[1]



pōmum n (genitive pōmī); second declension

  1. any type of fruit (applied to apples, cherries, nuts, berries, figs, dates, etc.)
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.253:
      stābat adhūc dūrīs fīcus dēnsissima pōmīs
      There stood a fig-tree loaded with fruit, [although it was] still hard [unripe].
      There stood a fig-tree, still loaded with unripe fruit.

      (Joins the ablative plurals dūrīs and pōmīs.)
  2. fruit tree

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pōmum pōma
Genitive pōmī pōmōrum
Dative pōmō pōmīs
Accusative pōmum pōma
Ablative pōmō pōmīs
Vocative pōmum pōma
Derived terms

Further reading

  • pomum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pomum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pomum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pomum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Etymology 2


See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.




  1. accusative singular of pōmus


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “pōmus / pōmum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 479