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Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Old English *cwēad, *cwǣd (evil, bad), from Proto-Germanic *kwēdaz (bad, ugly) (whence also Old English cwæþ (dung; excrement)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷēdh- (muck, excrement, dung, filth, disgust, vermin).

Cognate with Old Frisian quād (bad, evil), whence Saterland Frisian kwood (evil; bad), West Frisian kwea. Also cognate with Dutch kwaad (evil, bad), German Low German quaad (bad; evil; sinful; mean; angry), Middle High German quāt (evil; bad).

Related also to Old English cwēad (dung; dirt; filth, noun), Old Frisian quāt (dung; manure), Middle Low German quāt (dirt; filth), German Kot (dung; feces; filth; muck).



  1. bad; evil [from the 13th c.]
    • Ludus Coventriae (ante 1475)
      The body that was heavy as lead, be the Jews never so qued, A-riseth from grave..
    • Sidrak and Bokkus (ante 1500)
      Young and old, good and qued.


qued (uncountable)

  1. evil; harm; wickedness [from the 13th c.]
  2. an evil person or being, especially the devil