rudzi

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 rudzi on Latvian Wikipedia
Rudzi

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *rugi-, from Proto-Indo-European *wrugʰyo- (rye), itself perhaps a borrowing from a Far Eastern language. Cognates include Lithuanian rugỹs, rugiaĩ, Old Prussian rugis, ruggis, Proto-Slavic *rъžь (Russian, Ukrainian рожь (rož'), Bulgarian ръж (rǎž), Czech rež, Polish reż), Proto-Germanic *rugiz (Old High German rocko, German Roggen, Dutch rogge, Old English ryge, English rye, Old Norse rugr, Swedish råg, Danish rug).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

rudzi m (1st declension)

  1. rye (a grass, Secale sereale, or its grains, used for food or fodder)
    sēt, pļaut rudzusto sow, to mow rye
    lopi sagājuši rudzosthe animals went into the rye (field)
    pūrs rudzuportion of rye
    malt rudzusto pound rye
    rudzu maizerye bread

Usage notes[edit]

There is a singular form rudzis, only sporadically attested (usually to refer to the plant).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “rudzi”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7