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Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *skauniz ‎(beautiful), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱoun- ‎(quick, dashing, beautiful). Cognate with skōni ‎(shiny, beautiful), Old High German scōni ‎(handsome, brilliant, pure, lovely, good, pleasant), Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌿𐌽𐍃 ‎(skauns, beautiful). Compare Middle Dutch scone ‎(beautiful, bright), Dutch schoon ‎(beautiful), German schön ‎(beautiful).



  1. beautiful, fair, bright
    • Hyrsta scýne, bord and brád swyrd, brúne helmas — Judith (excellent/beautiful gear, shield and broad sword, brown helmen)
    • relying for its effect on the audience’s understandings of the meanings ælf and scyne ... — Alaric Hall, The Meanings of Elf, and Elves, in Medieval England, 2004
  2. brilliant, light, shining

Derived terms[edit]



  1. 1916, John R. Clark, "A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students", scyne, scīene
  2. Bosworth, J. (2010, March 21). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.), scyne, scīne