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Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *skauniz (beautiful), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱoun- (quick, dashing, beautiful). Cognate with skōni (shiny, beautiful), Old High German scōni (handsome, brilliant, pure, lovely, good, pleasant), Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌿𐌽𐍃 (skauns, beautiful). Compare Middle Dutch scone (beautiful, bright), Dutch schoon (beautiful), German schön (beautiful).



  1. beautiful, fair, bright
    • Hyrsta scýne, bord and brád swyrd, brúne helmas — Judith (excellent/beautiful gear, shield and broad sword, brown helmen)
    • relying for its effect on the audience’s understandings of the meanings ælf and scyne ... — Alaric Hall, The Meanings of Elf, and Elves, in Medieval England, 2004
  2. brilliant, light, shining

Derived terms[edit]



  1. 1916, John R. Clark, "A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students", scyne, scīene
  2. Bosworth, J. (2010, March 21). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.), scyne, scīne