securis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to secō (cut) and Proto-Slavic *sekyra (axe). Compare also how in spite of the continuation of secūris in Spanish as segur one keeps from the verb a segadera with a similar meaning.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

secūris f (genitive secūris); third declension

  1. an axe, hatchet with a broad edge

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem, accusative singular in -im or occasionally -em, ablative singular in or -e).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative secūris secūrēs
Genitive secūris secūrium
Dative secūrī secūribus
Accusative secūrim
secūrem
secūrēs
secūrīs
Ablative secūrī
secūre
secūribus
Vocative secūris secūrēs

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Romanian: secure
  • Romansch: sigir, siir, sagir, sieir, sgür
  • Sardinian: segura, segure, seguri, sigura
  • Spanish: segur
    • Andalusian Arabic: شُقُور(šuqūṛ, axe)
    • Moroccan Arabic: شَاقُور(šāqūṛ, šāqōṛ, adze of a carpenter; hatchet)
      • Central Atlas Tamazight: šaquṛ (axe); pl. šwaqw
        • Central Atlas Tamazight: tašaquṛt (small axe, hatchet); pl. tašaquṛin
    • Algerian Arabic: شَاقُور(šāqūṛ, šāqōṛ, adze of a carpenter; hatchet)
        • Algerian Arabic: شَاقُورَة(šāqūṛa, šāqōṛa, small axe, hatchet)
    • Tunisian Arabic: شَقُور ,شَاقُور(šāqūr, šaqūr, adze of a carpenter; hatchet)
    • Egyptian Arabic: شَقُورَة(šaʾūṛa, adze for agricultural purposes)
  • Venetian: sigureto

References[edit]

  • securis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • securis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • securis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • securis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to slaughter victims: victimas (oxen), hostias (smaller animals, especially sheep) immolare, securi ferire, caedere, mactare
    • to execute a person, cut off his head: securi percutere, ferire aliquem
  • securis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • securis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin