sniegs

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Latvian[edit]

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Sniegs

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic (or Proto-Balto-Slavic[1]) *snaigas (> Latvian *snaigs, which, under the influence of forms of the verb snigt ‎(to snow), became sniegs; compare Lithuanian snaĩgė ‎(snowflake), still with the original ai), from Proto-Indo-European *snóygʷʰos, from the stem *sneygʷʰ- ‎(to snow). Cognates include Lithuanian sniẽgas, Old Prussian snaygis, Old Church Slavonic снѣгъ ‎(sněgŭ), Russian снег ‎(sneg), Ukrainian сніг ‎(snih), Bulgarian сняг ‎(snjag), Czech sníh, Polish śnieg, Proto-Germanic *snēwes, *snaiwaz (Gothic 𐍃𐌽𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍃 ‎(snaiws), Old English snāw, Old High German snēo, German Schnee, Dutch sneeuw, English snow, Swedish snö), Old Irish snechta, Ancient Greek νίφα ‎(nípha, snow (acc.)), Latin nix (Italian, Portuguese neve, Spanish nieve, Catalan neu, Romanian nea).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sniegs m (1st declension)

  1. snow (frozen water that falls as precipitation)
    sniegs snieg — it is snowing (lit. the snow snows)
    sniega pārslas, kristālisnowflakes, snow crystals
    sniega ūdens, sniegūdenssnow water
    sniega vīrs, sniegavīrssnowman
    sniega vētrasnow storm
    smalks, dziļš, irdens sniegs — fine, deep, snow
    slapjš, sauss, irdens sniegs — wet, dry, powedery snow
    sniega kupenasnow drift
    sniegs sāk kust — the snow begins to melt
    sniega lāpstasnow shovel
    tīrīt sniegu no ceļa — to clean, remove the snow from the road
    balts kā sniegs — white as snow


Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ronald Kim (forth.), The phonology of Balto-Slavic, In: Handbook of Indo-European Studies, ed. M. Weiss & A. Garrett, OUP
  2. ^ “sniegs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7