sniegs

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Latvian[edit]

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Sniegs

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic (or Proto-Balto-Slavic[1]) *snaigas (> Latvian *snaigs, which, under the influence of forms of the verb snigt (to snow), became sniegs; compare Lithuanian snaĩgė (snowflake), still with the original ai), from Proto-Indo-European *snóygʷʰos, from the stem *sneygʷʰ- (to snow).

Cognates include Lithuanian sniẽgas, Old Prussian snaygis, Old Church Slavonic снѣгъ (sněgŭ), Russian снег (sneg), Ukrainian сніг (snih), Bulgarian сняг (snjag), Czech sníh, Polish śnieg, Proto-Germanic *snēwes, *snaiwaz (Gothic 𐍃𐌽𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍃 (snaiws), Old English snāw, Old High German snēo, German Schnee, Dutch sneeuw, English snow, Swedish snö), Old Irish snechtae, Ancient Greek νίφα (nípha, snow (acc.)), Latin nix (Italian, Portuguese neve, Spanish nieve, Catalan neu, Romanian nea).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sniegs m (1st declension)

  1. snow (frozen water that falls as precipitation)
    sniegs sniegit is snowing (lit. the snow snows)
    sniega pārslas, kristālisnowflakes, snow crystals
    sniega ūdens, sniegūdenssnow water
    sniega vīrs, sniegavīrssnowman
    sniega vētrasnow storm
    smalks, dziļš, irdens sniegsfine, deep, snow
    slapjš, sauss, irdens sniegswet, dry, powedery snow
    sniega kupenasnow drift
    sniegs sāk kustthe snow begins to melt
    sniega lāpstasnow shovel
    tīrīt sniegu no ceļato clean, remove the snow from the road
    balts kā sniegswhite as snow

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Ronald (forth.), “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sniegs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7