sniegs

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv
Sniegs

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic (or Proto-Balto-Slavic[1]) *snaigas (> Latvian *snaigs, which, under the influence of forms of the verb snigt(to snow), became sniegs; compare Lithuanian snaĩgė(snowflake), still with the original ai), from Proto-Indo-European *snóygʷʰos, from the stem *sneygʷʰ-(to snow).

Cognates include Lithuanian sniẽgas, Old Prussian snaygis, Old Church Slavonic снѣгъ(sněgŭ), Russian снег(sneg), Ukrainian сніг(snih), Bulgarian сняг(snjag), Czech sníh, Polish śnieg, Proto-Germanic *snēwes, *snaiwaz (Gothic 𐍃𐌽𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍃(snaiws), Old English snāw, Old High German snēo, German Schnee, Dutch sneeuw, English snow, Swedish snö), Old Irish snechtae, Ancient Greek νίφα(nípha, snow (acc.)), Latin nix (Italian, Portuguese neve, Spanish nieve, Catalan neu, Romanian nea).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sniegs m (1st declension)

  1. snow (frozen water that falls as precipitation)
    sniegs snieg‎ ― it is snowing (lit. the snow snows)
    sniega pārslas, kristāli‎ ― snowflakes, snow crystals
    sniega ūdens, sniegūdens‎ ― snow water
    sniega vīrs, sniegavīrs‎ ― snowman
    sniega vētra‎ ― snow storm
    smalks, dziļš, irdens sniegs‎ ― fine, deep, snow
    slapjš, sauss, irdens sniegs‎ ― wet, dry, powedery snow
    sniega kupena‎ ― snow drift
    sniegs sāk kust‎ ― the snow begins to melt
    sniega lāpsta‎ ― snow shovel
    tīrīt sniegu no ceļa‎ ― to clean, remove the snow from the road
    balts kā sniegs‎ ― white as snow

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Ronald (forth.), “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sniegs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7