soutenance

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

soutenir +‎ -ance, cf. the present participle soutenant. Present in Old French as sustenance. Cf. also Late and Medieval Latin sustinentia (support; endurance).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

soutenance f (plural soutenances)

  1. viva voce (for a doctorate)

Further reading[edit]