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 sudrabs on Latvian Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]


From a common Balto-Slavic and Germanic stem for “silver”, not attested in other branches of Indo-European. Cognates include Lithuanian sidãbras, dialectal sudãbras, archaic sidrabas (compare Latvian dialectal forms sudabrs, sidrabs), Old Prussian siraplis (accusative form sirablan), Old Church Slavonic сьрєбро (sĭrebro) (Russian серебро́ (serebró)), Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌻𐌿𐌱𐍂 (silubr), German Silber, English silver. There are several theories about the origin of this stem: a borrowing from Proto-Indo-Iranian *śub(h)ri apa (clear, shining water), or from an Anatolian language, or from a Kartvelian language, or possibly cognate with Basque zilar.[1]


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Chemical element
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sudrabs m (1st declension)

  1. silver (precious metal; chemical element, with atomic number 47.)
    tīrradņa sudrabs‎ ― virgin silver
    sudraba rūda‎ ― silver ore
    sudraba sakausējumi‎ ― silver alloys
    sudraba nitrāts, hlorīds‎ ― silver nitrate, chloride
    sudraba karote‎ ― silver spoon
    sudraba medaļa‎ ― silver medal
    sudraba kāzas‎ ― silver wedding (i.e., 20th anniversary)
  2. (adjectival genitive; speaking of sounds) pure, clear, clean
    viņas balsij sudraba skaņa‎ ― her voice has a silver sound


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sudrabs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7