svece

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See also: svecē

Latvian[edit]

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 svece on Latvian Wikipedia
Svece (1)
Aizdedzes svece (2)

Etymology[edit]

There are three main hypotheses on the origin of this word: (a) from the same source as sveķi(resin) (q.v.): Proto-Indo-European *sʷekʷ-os(juice, resin), whence Proto-Baltic *sʷek-as > *sveke, plural *sveki with a number of variants, among which svece; (b) from an earlier *zvece, cognate with Lithuanian žvãkė(candle), both from Proto-Baltic *žvak-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰʷokʷ-(to shine); or (c) a borrowing from Old East Slavic свѣча(svěča) (cf. Russian свеча(svéča)), from Proto-Slavic *světya (but note that ě should yield ie or ē in Latvian, not a simple e, which weakens this hypothesis).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

svece f (5th declension)

  1. candle (source of light)
    aizdegt sveci‎ ― to light a candle
    sveču gaisma‎ ― candlelight
    eglīšu sveces‎ ― Christmas tree candles
    gultas galvgalī misiņa lukturī dega pašu lieta tauku svece‎ ― at the head of the bed, a fat candle was burning in a brass lantern
  2. spark plug (ignition device in a combustion engine)
    aizdedzes svece‎ ― spark plug (lit. ignition candle)
    šoferis pārbaudīja motoram sveces‎ ― the driver checked the engine plugs
  3. (physics) unit of luminous intensity
    starptautiskā svece‎ ― international candle (= candela)
    dega viena vienīga piecdesmit sveču gaismas spuldzīte‎ ― a single small 50-candela light bulb was burning

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “svece”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7