Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: svecē


 svece on Latvian Wikipedia
Svece (1)
Aizdedzes svece (2)


There are three main hypotheses on the origin of this word: (a) from the same source as sveķi(resin) (q.v.): Proto-Indo-European *sʷekʷ-os(juice, resin), whence Proto-Baltic *sʷek-as > *sveke, plural *sveki with a number of variants, among which svece; (b) from an earlier *zvece, cognate with Lithuanian žvãkė(candle), both from Proto-Baltic *žvak-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰʷokʷ-(to shine); or (c) a borrowing from Old East Slavic свѣча(svěča) (cf. Russian свеча(svéča)), from Proto-Slavic *světya (but note that ě should yield ie or ē in Latvian, not a simple e, which weakens this hypothesis).[1]


Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)


svece f (5th declension)

  1. candle (source of light)
    aizdegt sveci‎ ― to light a candle
    sveču gaisma‎ ― candlelight
    eglīšu sveces‎ ― Christmas tree candles
    gultas galvgalī misiņa lukturī dega pašu lieta tauku svece‎ ― at the head of the bed, a fat candle was burning in a brass lantern
  2. spark plug (ignition device in a combustion engine)
    aizdedzes svece‎ ― spark plug (lit. ignition candle)
    šoferis pārbaudīja motoram sveces‎ ― the driver checked the engine plugs
  3. (physics) unit of luminous intensity
    starptautiskā svece‎ ― international candle (= candela)
    dega viena vienīga piecdesmit sveču gaismas spuldzīte‎ ― a single small 50-candela light bulb was burning


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “svece”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7