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From Old Turkic 𐱅𐰭𐰼𐰃 (teŋri, god of the blue sky), from Proto-Turkic *teŋri or *taŋrɨ (god; sky, heaven), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly from Proto-Altaic *t`aŋgiri (oath, God). According to G. Starostin's interpretation this word is based in a common Altaic religious or juridical term. This proposed etymology presumes that 'sky' in Turkic has a secondary meaning being derived from the primary meaning 'God'. S. Georg proposed a loan in Turkic from Yenisseian *tɨŋgVr- 'high' (see Georg 2001).[1]

The Old Turkic form is recorded by Mahmud al-Kashgari (11th century). The oldest form of the name is recorded in Chinese annals from the 4th century BC, describing the beliefs of the Xiongnu. It takes the form 撐犁撑犁 (chēnglí), which is understood as a Chinese transcription of the Proto-Turkic form.

The further origin of the word is uncertain. Also compare Proto-Turkic *teŋiŕ (cf. Turkish deniz (lake, sea) and the borrowing into Hungarian tenger); perhaps from the blue expanse.


  • IPA(key): [tɑnɾɯ]
  • Hyphenation: tan‧rı


tanrı (definite accusative tanrıyı, plural tanrılar)

  1. god, deity, divinity
    çoktanrıcılık / çok tanrıcılık - polytheism
    aman tanrım! - oh my god!
  2. monotheistic God, Allah


  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003) Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill: “*t`aŋgiri”


Nominative tanrı
Definite accusative tanrıyı
Singular Plural
Nominative tanrı tanrılar
Definite accusative tanrıyı tanrıları
Dative tanrıya tanrılara
Locative tanrıda tanrılarda
Ablative tanrıdan tanrılardan
Genitive tanrının tanrıların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular tanrım tanrılarım
2nd singular tanrın tanrıların
3rd singular tanrısı tanrıları
1st plural tanrımız tanrılarımız
2nd plural tanrınız tanrılarınız
3rd plural tanrıları tanrıları
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular tanrıyım tanrılarım
2nd singular tanrısın tanrılarsın
3rd singular tanrı
1st plural tanrıyız tanrılarız
2nd plural tanrısınız tanrılarsınız
3rd plural tanrılar tanrılardır

See also[edit]