Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]



torad n (genitive toraid, nominative plural torud or toirthi)

  1. fruit (of a plant)
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 102a15
      Itius anúas ⁊ dus·claid anís; air ní foircnea in fíni hithe neich di anúas, amal du·ngní int aís sechmaill as·mbeir-som .i. air is cuit adaill ad·n-ellat sidi in fíni du thabairt neich doib dia thorud.
      They eat it from above and he roots it up from below; for it does not exterminate the vine to eat of anything of it from above, as do the passers-by whom he speaks of, i.e. for it is only a passing visit that they make [lit: ‘that they visit’] to the vine to take something for themselves of its fruit.


Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative toradN toradN torud, toirthi
Vocative toradN toradN torud, toirthi
Accusative toradN toradN torud, toirthi
Genitive toraidL torad toradN
Dative torudL toirthib toirthib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization



Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
torad thorad torad
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]