Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Classical Nahuatl[edit]


From xihuitl (turquoise) +‎ tōtōtl (bird).




  1. a lovely cotinga
    • 16th century, Bernardino de Sahagún, "Florentine Codex", book 11, chapter 2, paragraph 1:
      Xiuhtototl: [...] iuhquj, ixqujch in tzanatl. tenvitztic, tentliltic: in jielpan aiopaltic
      (Lovely cotinga: [...] It is like all the slender-billed grackles. The bill is pointed, black. Its breast is purple, [etc.])
    • 17th century, Pedro Calderón de la Barca (Spanish), Bartolomé de Alva (Nahuatl translation), El Gran Teatro del Mundo, f. 2r.:
      Motech patlantinemi yn Xiuhtototl, yn tzinytzcan, yn tlauhquechol yn Zaquan.
      (The blue cotinga, the trogon, the roseate spoonbill, and the troupial fly around on you [sc. the earth].)
  2. a lovely cotinga feather
    • 16th century, Bernardino de Sahagún, "Florentine Codex", book 1, chapter 19:
      in nepapan ihujtl, in quetzalli, in tzinjtzcan, in tlauhquechol, xiuhtototl, in toztli, çaqua: quauhtli
      (all manner of feathers: the long tail feathers of the resplendent trogon, its red breast feathers, those of the roseate spoonbill, the lovely cotinga, the yellow headed parrot the troupial, the eagle)
    • Template:circa 1609 Tezozomoc, Chimalpahin, Crónica mexicayotl, f. 24r:
      auh yn nepapan yhuitl yhuan amechmacazq̃. yn xiuhtototl yn tlauhquechol yn tzinitzca.
      (And they will also give you the various kinds of feathers—cotinga, spoonbill, trogon)

Derived terms[edit]


  • Andrews, J. Richard (2003) Workbook for Introduction to Classical Nahuatl, rev. ed. edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, page 264
  • Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, Domingo Francisco de San Antón Muñón (1997) Codex Chimalpahin, ed. and trans. by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, pages 74–75
  • Sahagún, Bernardino de (1981) Florentine Codex, ed. and trans. by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble, 2nd ed., rev. edition, Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, pages part II, p. 42; part XII, p. 21
  • Sell, Barry D.; Louise M. Burkhart; Elizabeth R. Wright (eds. and trans.) (2008) Nahuatl Theater, Volume 3: Spanish Golden Age Drama in Mexican Translation, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, page 59