βασιλεύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Likely Pre-Greek in origin (i.e. Minoan). Case-forms show Attic shortening of the original stem βασιληϝ- basilēw- (see quantitative metathesis). It could also derive from an Anatolian language (see Lydian 𐤡𐤠𐤯𐤯𐤬𐤳 (king)), although Mycenean (Linear B) evidence points to an original form with initial .

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

βασιλεύς (basileús) (genitive βασιλέως) m, third declension

  1. chief, master
  2. king, lord, patron
  3. the first of any class of people/objects

Usage notes[edit]

During specific periods of Greek history βασιλεύς was used to describe certain foreign leaders, such as the Persian kings and Roman Caesars. In this usage, it often took on certain modifications, such as a lack of definite article or the use of the adjective μέγας.

Inflection[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

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Greek[edit]

Noun[edit]

βασιλεύς (vasiléfsm (plural βασιλείς)

  1. Katharevousa form of βασιλιάς (vasiliás, king)