οἶκος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ϝοῖκος (woîkos), from Proto-Indo-European *woyḱos or *wéyḱs. Cognates include Sanskrit विश् (viś), वेश (veśa), Latin vīcus, and Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌷𐍃 (weihs).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

οἶκος (oîkos) (genitive οἴκου) m, second declension

  1. house or dwelling place
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 24.471
      γέρων δ᾽ ἰθὺς κίεν οἴκου
      but the old man went straight toward the house
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 23.7
      ἦλθ᾽ Ὀδυσεὺς καὶ οἶκον ἱκάνεται
      Odysseus is here, and has come home
    1. room, chamber
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.356
        ἀλλ᾽ εἰς οἶκον ἰοῦσα τὰ σ᾽ αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε
        But go to thy chamber, and busy thyself with thine own tasks
    2. meeting house, hall; monument
    1. birdcage
    2. (astrology) domicile of a planet
  2. estate, inheritance
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 2.64
      οὐδ᾽ ἔτι καλῶς οἶκος ἐμὸς διόλωλε
      and past all that is seemly has my estate been destroyed
  3. reigning house or family
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 5.31.4
      σὺ ἐς οἶκον τὸν βασιλέος ἐξηγητὴς γίνεαι πρηγμάτων ἀγαθῶν
      This plan which you set forth is profitable for the king's house

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