борщ

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Russian[edit]

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Борщ со сметаной.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bъrščь, originally meaning hogweed, then “hogweed soup”, later “beet soup”, from Proto-Indo-European *bhṛsti̯o-. Compare Sanskrit भृष्टि (bhṛṣṭí, sharp point, prong, edge), German Borste (bristle), Bürste (brush), English bur, bristle.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /borɕː/, [bor(ʲ)ɕ(ː)], [borʂ(t)ɕ]

Noun[edit]

борщ (borščm inan

  1. borscht, borsht, borshch, borsch (a soup made of beets and cabbage)

Declension[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bъrščь, first meaning “hogweed”, then “hogweed soup”, later “beet soup”, from Proto-Indo-European *bhṛsti̯o-. Compare Sanskrit भृष्टि (bhṛṣṭí, sharp point, prong, edge), German Borste (bristle), Bürste (brush), English bur, bristle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

бо́рщ (bórščm inan

  1. Borscht, beet soup.
  2. Hogweed, Heracleum spondylium.

References[edit]