Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Slavic *koda, from which the following words also were derived: Old Church Slavonic къгда (kŭgda), Bulgarian кога (koga), Polish kiedy, Serbo-Croatian када, Czech kdy, Polish gdy, Lower Sorbian gdy. Originally the word was probably *koda; compare Lithuanian kada (when), Latvian kad, Old Indic kadā, Avestan kadā. From *koda came *kъdа, possibly under the influence of *kъdе, kъtо. On the other hand, one may perceive in когда (kogda) the old instrumental singular *godō of the word год (god) (the old meaning of which was “time, period”) with the interrogative particle ко-, making a genitive singular form *kogo goda (which time?). Thus the -гда ending may have derived from the genitive of год (god, period of time).


IPA(key): [kɐˈda] (phonetic respelling: када́) (colloquial, casual, fast speech)


когда́ (kogdá)

  1. when
    Когда́ вы прие́хали?
    Kogdá vy prijéxali?
    When did you arrive?


когда́ (kogdá)

  1. when
    Я не зна́ю, когда́ э́то бы́ло
    Ja ne znáju, kogdá éto býlo
    I don’t know when it was.

Usage notes[edit]

Both the subordinate clause with the conjunction когда and the main clause can have either an imperfective or a perfective verb. However, the whole context of the respective sentences could be different due to the difference of the aspects.

Related terms[edit]