чёрный

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *čьrnъ, from Proto-Indo-European *kr̥snós (black). Cognates include Old Church Slavonic чрънъ (črŭnŭ, black), Bulgarian черен (čeren), Serbo-Croatian црн/crn, Slovene črn, Slovak čierny; Norwegian and Swedish harr (grayling), Sanskrit कृष्ण (kṛṣṇa), Old Prussian kirsnan (black).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

чёрный (čórnyj)

  1. black
  2. rough, coarse
  3. back (stairs, entrance, etc.)
  4. (labor) unskilled, manual
  5. (metal) ferrous
    на чёрный деньna čórnyj denʹ — for a rainy day
    чёрным по бе́ломуčórnym po bélomu — in black and white
    чёрное де́ревоčórnoje dérevo — ebony
    чёрная доска́čórnaja doská — blackboard
    чёрная металлу́ргияčórnaja metallúrgija — iron and steel industry

Noun[edit]

чёрный (čórnyjm anim

  1. black (man)
  2. (offensive) a non-white immigrant

Synonyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

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