ափն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Benveniste connected with Proto-Germanic *ōferaz and Ancient Greek ἤπειρος (ḗpeiros), assuming a Proto-Indo-European basic heteroclitic r/n-stem, where Armenian would have generalized the n-stem variant, according to Olsen, "probably *h₂apén-, *ə₂pén-ափին (apʿin) on the basis of the locative singular, evidently an important case form in a word of this meaning". According to Kroonen, if the appurtenance of Armenian is accepted, the ablauting heteroclitic can be reconstructed as nominative *h₂éh₁/h₂p-r, genitive *h₂h₁/h₂p-én-s.

The above etymology is rejected by Pokorny and Beekes on phonetic grounds: the sound change of Proto-Indo-European *pOld Armenian -փ- (-pʿ-) is irregular. Beekes remarks that we may be dealing with a substrate word.

Noun[edit]

ափն (apʿn

  1. edge (e.g. of a gorge, pit, well, city, grave, etc.)
  2. shore, bank, coast (of a water body)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: ափ (apʿ)

References[edit]

  • ափն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ափն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Émile Benveniste (1935), Origines de la formation des noms en indo-européen, Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve, page 15
  • ափն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, page 365b
  • “āpero-” in Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume I, page 53
  • Birgit Anette Olsen (1999), The Noun in Biblical Armenian, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-016483-3, pages 136–137
  • “ἤπειρος” in Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume I, page 523
  • “*ōf(e)ra-” in Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 394