գարշապար

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian գարշապար (garšapar); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գարշապար (garšapar)

  1. (archaic) heel
    աքիլեսյան գարշապարakʿilesyan garšapar ― Achilles' heel

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The *պար (*par) part is from Parthian pʾd (pāδ, foot). For *գարշ- (*garš-) Perikhanian suggests derivation from Middle Iranian hypothetical *garš- (hard touch, friction, rubbing; hardness, resistance), which may be related to Sanskrit घर्ष (gharṣa, rubbing) and perhaps Old Armenian գարշ (garš). The compound can be interpreted as “the hard part of the foot” or “the part of the foot used for treading the earth”.

Noun[edit]

գարշապար (garšapar

  1. heel
  2. footstep

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • գարշապար in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գարշապար in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գարշապար in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Anait Perixanjan (1993), Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskogo jazyka [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 42
  • Geworg J̌ahukyan (1995), Hay-iranakan lezvakan zugadipumner [Armenian-Iranian Lingual Parallels]. In: Patma-Banasirakan Handes 1995, No. 2: 183–186
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 200