գնչու

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian գնչու (gnčʿu, stammering, stuttering; lisping, speaking with imperfect articulation); see it for more. For a sense development compare Russian немец (nemec, German) and немой (nemoj).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գնչու (gnčʿu)

  1. (formal, offensive) a member of the Romani people

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This term is an exonym which "came into regular use in the nineteenth century, when the first research about Armenian Gypsies appeared. However, it never entered broad usage in Armenia", it carries negative connotations, and its use is offensive to members of the Lom people.[1]

Synonyms[edit]

  • ցիգան (cʿigan) (colloquial, in Armenia and ex-USSR countries)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2002, in Anthropology & archeology of Eurasia: Volumes 41-42, page 20: " [] with the alloethnonym "Gnchu," on the contrary, we are dealing with the negative. [] The word "Gnchu" as an ethnonym to designate all Gypsies came into regular use in the nineteenth century, when the first research about Armenian Gypsies appeared. However, it never entered broad usage in Armenia and is not used as a name for "Armenian Gypsies." This term is no more acceptable to the Armenian Gypsies than the term "Bosha," and its widespread usage would offend them, inasmuch as it would draw a dividing line between them and the Armenians once and for all."

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From գնչեմ (gnčʿem) +‎ -ու (-u).

Adjective[edit]

գնչու (gnčʿu

  1. stammering, stuttering; lisping, speaking with imperfect articulation

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • գնչու in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գնչել in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University